Untargeted Molecular Discovery in Primary Metabolism: Collision Cross Section as a Molecular Descriptor in Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry.

Nichols CM, Dodds JN, Rose BS, Picache JA, Morris CB, Codreanu SG, May JC, Sherrod SD, McLean JA
Anal Chem. 2018 90 (24): 14484-14492

PMID: 30449086 · PMCID: PMC6819070 · DOI:10.1021/acs.analchem.8b04322

In this work, we established a collision cross section (CCS) library of primary metabolites based on analytical standards in the Mass Spectrometry Metabolite Library of Standards (MSMLS) using a commercially available ion mobility-mass spectrometer (IM-MS). From the 554 unique compounds in the MSMLS plate library, we obtained a total of 1246 CCS measurements over a wide range of biochemical classes and adduct types. Resulting data analysis demonstrated that the curated CCS library provides broad molecular coverage of metabolic pathways and highlights intrinsic mass-mobility relationships for specific metabolite superclasses. The separation and characterization of isomeric metabolites were assessed, and all molecular species contained within the plate library, including isomers, were critically evaluated to determine the analytical separation efficiency in both the mass ( m/ z) and mobility (CCS/ΔCCS) dimension required for untargeted metabolomic analyses. To further demonstrate the analytical utility of CCS as an additional molecular descriptor, a well-characterized biological sample of human plasma serum (NIST SRM 1950) was examined by LC-IM-MS and used to provide a detailed isomeric analysis of carbohydrate constituents by ion mobility.

MeSH Terms (7)

Carbohydrates Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Humans Ion Mobility Spectrometry Isomerism Mass Spectrometry Metabolomics

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