Biological Effects of IL-26 on T Cell-Mediated Skin Inflammation, Including Psoriasis.

Itoh T, Hatano R, Komiya E, Otsuka H, Narita Y, Aune TM, Dang NH, Matsuoka S, Naito H, Tominaga M, Takamori K, Morimoto C, Ohnuma K
J Invest Dermatol. 2019 139 (4): 878-889

PMID: 30423328 · DOI:10.1016/j.jid.2018.09.037

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized mainly by epidermal hyperplasia, scaling, and erythema; T helper 17 cells have a role in its pathogenesis. Although IL-26, known as a T helper 17 cytokine, is upregulated in psoriatic skin lesions, its precise role is unclear. We investigated the role of IL-26 in the imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like murine model using human IL-26 transgenic mice. Erythema symptoms induced by daily applications of imiquimod increased dramatically in human IL-26 transgenic mice compared with controls. Vascularization and immune cell infiltration were prominent in skin lesions of human IL-26 transgenic mice. Levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 1, FGF2, and FGF7 were significantly upregulated in the skin lesions of imiquimod-treated human IL-26 transgenic mice and psoriasis patients. In vitro analysis demonstrated that FGF1, FGF2, and FGF7 levels were elevated in human keratinocytes and vascular endothelial cells following IL-26 stimulation. Furthermore, IL-26 acted directly on vascular endothelial cells, promoting proliferation and tube formation, possibly through protein kinase B, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and NF-κB pathways. Moreover, similar effects of IL-26 were observed in the murine contact hypersensitivity model, indicating that these effects are not restricted to psoriasis. Altogether, our data indicate that IL-26 may be a promising therapeutic target in T cell-mediated skin inflammation, including psoriasis.

Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals Cell Proliferation Cells, Cultured Dermatitis Disease Models, Animal Female Gene Expression Regulation Humans Interleukins Keratinocytes Mice Mice, Inbred BALB C Mice, Transgenic Psoriasis RNA Signal Transduction Skin Th17 Cells

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