Preferred sites on cytochrome c for electron transfer with two positively charged blue copper proteins, Anabaena variabilis plastocyanin and stellacyanin.

Armstrong GD, Chapman SK, Sisley MJ, Sykes AG, Aitken A, Osheroff N, Margoliash E
Biochemistry. 1986 25 (22): 6947-51

PMID: 3026438 · DOI:10.1021/bi00370a031

Rate constants for the reactions of horse cytochrome c (E'0 of +260 mV) with the copper proteins Anabaena variabilis plastocyanin (E'0 of +360 mV) used as oxidant and stellacyanin (E'0 of +187 mV) used as reductant have been determined at 25 degrees C, pH 7.5 and 7.0, respectively, and an ionic strength of 0.10 M (NaCl). These rate constants were also measured with eight different singly substituted 4-carboxy-2,6-dinitrophenyl (CDNP) horse cytochrome c derivatives, modified at lysine-7, -13, -25, -27, -60, -72, -86, or -87 and with the trinitrophenyl (TNP) derivative modified at lysine-13. The influence of the modifications on the bimolecular rate constants for these reactions defines the region on the protein that is involved in the electron-exchange reactions and demonstrates that the preferred site is at or near the solvent-accessible edge of the heme prosthetic group on the "front" surface of the molecule. Both reactions are strongly influenced by the lysine-72 modification to the left of the exposed heme edge and, to this extent, behave similar to the earlier studied reaction with azurin. These effects span only an order of magnitude in rate constants and are thus many times smaller than those for the physiological protein redox partners of cytochrome c. While the preferred sites of reaction on the surface of cytochrome c for small inorganic complexes appear to be dependent only on the net charge of the reactants, with the copper proteins additional factors intervene. These influences are discussed in terms of hydrophobic patches and the distribution of charges on the surface of the four copper proteins so far examined.

MeSH Terms (10)

Binding Sites Cyanobacteria Cytochrome c Group Electron Transport Kinetics Metalloproteins Nitrophenols Plant Proteins Plastocyanin Protein Binding

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