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The Relationship Between Life Purpose With Depression and Disability in Acute Low Back Pain Patients.

Salt E, Wiggins AC, Rayens MK, Johnson R, Hardy JK, Segerstrom S, Crofford LJ
Orthop Nurs. 2018 37 (5): 287-291

PMID: 30247411 · PMCID: PMC6154802 · DOI:10.1097/NOR.0000000000000480

BACKGROUND - Life purpose in acute low back pain patients is not well described in published literature.

METHODS/PURPOSE - We used linear regression models to describe the relationship of life purpose with perceived functional disability and depression in persons with acute low back pain (N = 42) participating in a randomized clinical trial to prevent transition to chronic low back pain.

RESULTS - In our predominantly female sample (81.8%) with a mean age of 53 years (SD = 11.6 years), 52% worked full-time. Adjusting for age, gender, and working status, life purpose was a significant correlate of depression (p = .007). For every 10-unit increase in life purpose score, the estimated depression score decreased by almost 2.5 points. A significant relationship between life purpose and perceived functional disability was not identified.

CONCLUSION - Life purpose likely is a modifiable risk factor for depression in acute low back pain patients.

MeSH Terms (13)

Adult Aged Depression Disabled Persons Exercise Therapy Female Humans Linear Models Low Back Pain Male Middle Aged Pain Measurement Treatment Outcome

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