A Transcriptome-Wide Association Study Among 97,898 Women to Identify Candidate Susceptibility Genes for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Risk.

Lu Y, Beeghly-Fadiel A, Wu L, Guo X, Li B, Schildkraut JM, Im HK, Chen YA, Permuth JB, Reid BM, Teer JK, Moysich KB, Andrulis IL, Anton-Culver H, Arun BK, Bandera EV, Barkardottir RB, Barnes DR, Benitez J, Bjorge L, Brenton J, Butzow R, Caldes T, Caligo MA, Campbell I, Chang-Claude J, Claes KBM, Couch FJ, Cramer DW, Daly MB, deFazio A, Dennis J, Diez O, Domchek SM, Dörk T, Easton DF, Eccles DM, Fasching PA, Fortner RT, Fountzilas G, Friedman E, Ganz PA, Garber J, Giles GG, Godwin AK, Goldgar DE, Goodman MT, Greene MH, Gronwald J, Hamann U, Heitz F, Hildebrandt MAT, Høgdall CK, Hollestelle A, Hulick PJ, Huntsman DG, Imyanitov EN, Isaacs C, Jakubowska A, James P, Karlan BY, Kelemen LE, Kiemeney LA, Kjaer SK, Kwong A, Le ND, Leslie G, Lesueur F, Levine DA, Mattiello A, May T, McGuffog L, McNeish IA, Merritt MA, Modugno F, Montagna M, Neuhausen SL, Nevanlinna H, Nielsen FC, Nikitina-Zake L, Nussbaum RL, Offit K, Olah E, Olopade OI, Olson SH, Olsson H, Osorio A, Park SK, Parsons MT, Peeters PHM, Pejovic T, Peterlongo P, Phelan CM, Pujana MA, Ramus SJ, Rennert G, Risch H, Rodriguez GC, Rodríguez-Antona C, Romieu I, Rookus MA, Rossing MA, Rzepecka IK, Sandler DP, Schmutzler RK, Setiawan VW, Sharma P, Sieh W, Simard J, Singer CF, Song H, Southey MC, Spurdle AB, Sutphen R, Swerdlow AJ, Teixeira MR, Teo SH, Thomassen M, Tischkowitz M, Toland AE, Trichopoulou A, Tung N, Tworoger SS, van Rensburg EJ, Vanderstichele A, Vega A, Edwards DV, Webb PM, Weitzel JN, Wentzensen N, White E, Wolk A, Wu AH, Yannoukakos D, Zorn KK, Gayther SA, Antoniou AC, Berchuck A, Goode EL, Chenevix-Trench G, Sellers TA, Pharoah PDP, Zheng W, Long J
Cancer Res. 2018 78 (18): 5419-5430

PMID: 30054336 · PMCID: PMC6139053 · DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-18-0951

Large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified approximately 35 loci associated with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) risk. The majority of GWAS-identified disease susceptibility variants are located in noncoding regions, and causal genes underlying these associations remain largely unknown. Here, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study to search for novel genetic loci and plausible causal genes at known GWAS loci. We used RNA sequencing data (68 normal ovarian tissue samples from 68 individuals and 6,124 cross-tissue samples from 369 individuals) and high-density genotyping data from European descendants of the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx V6) project to build ovarian and cross-tissue models of genetically regulated expression using elastic net methods. We evaluated 17,121 genes for their -predicted gene expression in relation to EOC risk using summary statistics data from GWAS of 97,898 women, including 29,396 EOC cases. With a Bonferroni-corrected significance level of < 2.2 × 10, we identified 35 genes, including at 11q14.2 (Z = 5.08, = 3.83 × 10, the cross-tissue model; 1 Mb away from any GWAS-identified EOC risk variant), a potential novel locus for EOC risk. All other 34 significantly associated genes were located within 1 Mb of known GWAS-identified loci, including 23 genes at 6 loci not previously linked to EOC risk. Upon conditioning on nearby known EOC GWAS-identified variants, the associations for 31 genes disappeared and three genes remained ( < 1.47 × 10). These data identify one novel locus ) and 34 genes at 13 known EOC risk loci associated with EOC risk, providing new insights into EOC carcinogenesis. Transcriptomic analysis of a large cohort confirms earlier GWAS loci and reveals FZD4 as a novel locus associated with EOC risk. .

©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.

MeSH Terms (15)

Carcinogenesis Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial Cohort Studies Female Gene Expression Profiling Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genome-Wide Association Study Genotype Humans Ovarian Neoplasms Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Prognosis Quantitative Trait Loci Risk Factors Transcriptome

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