The Cytochrome P450 Slow Metabolizers CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 Directly Regulate Tumorigenesis via Reduced Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acid Production.

Sausville LN, Gangadhariah MH, Chiusa M, Mei S, Wei S, Zent R, Luther JM, Shuey MM, Capdevila JH, Falck JR, Guengerich FP, Williams SM, Pozzi A
Cancer Res. 2018 78 (17): 4865-4877

PMID: 30012669 · PMCID: PMC6125168 · DOI:10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-17-3977

Increased expression of cytochrome P450 CYP2C9, together with elevated levels of its products epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET), is associated with aggressiveness in cancer. Cytochrome P450 variants and encode proteins with reduced enzymatic activity, and individuals carrying these variants metabolize drugs more slowly than individuals with wild-type , potentially affecting their response to drugs and altering their risk of disease. Although genetic differences in CYP2C9-dependent oxidation of arachidonic acid (AA) have been reported, the roles of CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 in EET biosynthesis and their relevance to disease are unknown. Here, we report that CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 metabolize AA less efficiently than CYP2C9*1 and that they play a role in the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) via impaired EET biosynthesis. When injected into mice, NSCLC cells expressing CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 produced lower levels of EETs and developed fewer, smaller, and less vascularized tumors than cells expressing CYP2C9*1. Moreover, endothelial cells expressing these two variants proliferated and migrated less than cells expressing CYP2C*1. Purified CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 exhibited attenuated catalytic efficiency in producing EETs, primarily due to impaired reduction of these two variants by NADPH-P450 reductase. Loss-of-function SNPs within and were associated with improved survival in female cases of NSCLC. Thus, decreased EET biosynthesis represents a novel mechanism whereby CYPC29*2 and CYP2C9*3 exert a direct protective role in NSCLC development. These findings report single nucleotide polymorphisms in the human CYP2C9 genes, and , exert a direct protective role in tumorigenesis by impairing EET biosynthesis. .

©2018 American Association for Cancer Research.

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Arachidonic Acid Arachidonic Acids Carcinogenesis Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Cell Line, Tumor Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System Eicosanoids Endothelial Cells Humans Mice Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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