Neuromodulation of sensory networks in monkey brain by focused ultrasound with MRI guidance and detection.

Yang PF, Phipps MA, Newton AT, Chaplin V, Gore JC, Caskey CF, Chen LM
Sci Rep. 2018 8 (1): 7993

PMID: 29789605 · PMCID: PMC5964220 · DOI:10.1038/s41598-018-26287-7

Focused ultrasound (FUS) has gained recognition as a technique for non-invasive neuromodulation with high spatial precision and the ability to both excite and inhibit neural activity. Here we demonstrate that MRI-guided FUS is capable of exciting precise targets within areas 3a/3b in the monkey brain, causing downstream activations in off-target somatosensory and associated brain regions which are simultaneously detected by functional MRI. The similarity between natural tactile stimulation-and FUS- evoked fMRI activation patterns suggests that FUS likely can excite populations of neurons and produce associated spiking activities that may be subsequently transmitted to other functionally related touch regions. The across-region differences in fMRI signal changes relative to area 3a/3b between tactile and FUS conditions also indicate that FUS modulated the tactile network differently. The significantly faster rising (>1 sec) fMRI signals elicited by direct FUS stimulation at the targeted cortical region suggest that a different neural hemodynamic coupling mechanism may be involved in generating fMRI signals. This is the first demonstration of imaging neural excitation effects of FUS with BOLD fMRI on a specific functional circuit in non-human primates.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Brain Brain Mapping Deep Brain Stimulation Macaca fascicularis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Interventional Male Nerve Net Physical Stimulation Sensory Receptor Cells Somatosensory Cortex Ultrasonography, Interventional

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