GHSR-D2R heteromerization modulates dopamine signaling through an effect on G protein conformation.

Damian M, Pons V, Renault P, M'Kadmi C, Delort B, Hartmann L, Kaya AI, Louet M, Gagne D, Ben Haj Salah K, Denoyelle S, Ferry G, Boutin JA, Wagner R, Fehrentz JA, Martinez J, Marie J, Floquet N, Galès C, Mary S, Hamm HE, Banères JL
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 115 (17): 4501-4506

PMID: 29632174 · PMCID: PMC5924877 · DOI:10.1073/pnas.1712725115

The growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) and dopamine receptor (D2R) have been shown to oligomerize in hypothalamic neurons with a significant effect on dopamine signaling, but the molecular processes underlying this effect are still obscure. We used here the purified GHSR and D2R to establish that these two receptors assemble in a lipid environment as a tetrameric complex composed of two each of the receptors. This complex further recruits G proteins to give rise to an assembly with only two G protein trimers bound to a receptor tetramer. We further demonstrate that receptor heteromerization directly impacts on dopamine-mediated Gi protein activation by modulating the conformation of its α-subunit. Indeed, association to the purified GHSR:D2R heteromer triggers a different active conformation of Gαi that is linked to a higher rate of GTP binding and a faster dissociation from the heteromeric receptor. This is an additional mechanism to expand the repertoire of GPCR signaling modulation that could have implications for the control of dopamine signaling in normal and physiopathological conditions.

MeSH Terms (7)

Dopamine GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go Humans Protein Multimerization Receptors, Dopamine D2 Receptors, Ghrelin Signal Transduction

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