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Modulation of intestinal sulfur assimilation metabolism regulates iron homeostasis.

Hudson BH, Hale AT, Irving RP, Li S, York JD
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 115 (12): 3000-3005

PMID: 29507250 · PMCID: PMC5866552 · DOI:10.1073/pnas.1715302115

Sulfur assimilation is an evolutionarily conserved pathway that plays an essential role in cellular and metabolic processes, including sulfation, amino acid biosynthesis, and organismal development. We report that loss of a key enzymatic component of the pathway, bisphosphate 3'-nucleotidase (Bpnt1), in mice, both whole animal and intestine-specific, leads to iron-deficiency anemia. Analysis of mutant enterocytes demonstrates that modulation of their substrate 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP) influences levels of key iron homeostasis factors involved in dietary iron reduction, import and transport, that in part mimic those reported for the loss of hypoxic-induced transcription factor, HIF-2α. Our studies define a genetic basis for iron-deficiency anemia, a molecular approach for rescuing loss of nucleotidase function, and an unanticipated link between nucleotide hydrolysis in the sulfur assimilation pathway and iron homeostasis.

Copyright © 2018 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

MeSH Terms (10)

Animals Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic Genotype Homeostasis Intestines Iron Mice Mice, Knockout Nucleotidases Sulfur

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