Research Directions in the Clinical Implementation of Pharmacogenomics: An Overview of US Programs and Projects.

Volpi S, Bult CJ, Chisholm RL, Deverka PA, Ginsburg GS, Jacob HJ, Kasapi M, McLeod HL, Roden DM, Williams MS, Green ED, Rodriguez LL, Aronson S, Cavallari LH, Denny JC, Dressler LG, Johnson JA, Klein TE, Leeder JS, Piquette-Miller M, Perera M, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Rehm HL, Ritchie MD, Skaar TC, Wagle N, Weinshilboum R, Weitzel KW, Wildin R, Wilson J, Manolio TA, Relling MV
Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2018 103 (5): 778-786

PMID: 29460415 · PMCID: PMC5902434 · DOI:10.1002/cpt.1048

Response to a drug often differs widely among individual patients. This variability is frequently observed not only with respect to effective responses but also with adverse drug reactions. Matching patients to the drugs that are most likely to be effective and least likely to cause harm is the goal of effective therapeutics. Pharmacogenomics (PGx) holds the promise of precision medicine through elucidating the genetic determinants responsible for pharmacological outcomes and using them to guide drug selection and dosing. Here we survey the US landscape of research programs in PGx implementation, review current advances and clinical applications of PGx, summarize the obstacles that have hindered PGx implementation, and identify the critical knowledge gaps and possible studies needed to help to address them.

© 2018 American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

MeSH Terms (5)

Humans Pharmacogenetics Precision Medicine Research United States

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