Cell-free hemoglobin promotes primary graft dysfunction through oxidative lung endothelial injury.

Shaver CM, Wickersham N, McNeil JB, Nagata H, Miller A, Landstreet SR, Kuck JL, Diamond JM, Lederer DJ, Kawut SM, Palmer SM, Wille KM, Weinacker A, Lama VN, Crespo MM, Orens JB, Shah PD, Hage CA, Cantu E, Porteous MK, Dhillon G, McDyer J, Bastarache JA, Christie JD, Ware LB, Lung Transplant Outcomes Group (LTOG)
JCI Insight. 2018 3 (2)

PMID: 29367464 · PMCID: PMC5821179 · DOI:10.1172/jci.insight.98546

Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is acute lung injury within 72 hours of lung transplantation. We hypothesized that cell-free hemoglobin (CFH) contributes to PGD by increasing lung microvascular permeability and tested this in patients, ex vivo human lungs, and cultured human lung microvascular endothelial cells. In a nested case control study of 40 patients with severe PGD at 72 hours and 80 matched controls without PGD, elevated preoperative CFH was independently associated with increased PGD risk (odds ratio [OR] 2.75, 95%CI, 1.23-6.16, P = 0.014). The effect of CFH on PGD was magnified by reperfusion fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ≥ 0.40 (OR 3.41, P = 0.031). Isolated perfused human lungs exposed to intravascular CFH (100 mg/dl) developed increased vascular permeability as measured by lung weight (CFH 14.4% vs. control 0.65%, P = 0.047) and extravasation of Evans blue-labeled albumin dye (EBD) into the airspace (P = 0.027). CFH (1 mg/dl) also increased paracellular permeability of human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell monolayers (hPMVECs). Hyperoxia (FiO2 = 0.95) increased human lung and hPMVEC permeability compared with normoxia (FiO2 = 0.21). Treatment with acetaminophen (15 μg/ml), a specific hemoprotein reductant, prevented CFH-dependent permeability in human lungs (P = 0.046) and hPMVECs (P = 0.037). In summary, CFH may mediate PGD through oxidative effects on microvascular permeability, which are augmented by hyperoxia and abrogated by acetaminophen.

MeSH Terms (17)

Acetaminophen Allografts Capillary Permeability Case-Control Studies Cell Line Endothelial Cells Female Hemoglobins Humans Hyperoxia Lung Lung Transplantation Male Microvessels Middle Aged Oxidative Stress Primary Graft Dysfunction

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