Intensive Care Unit Delirium and Intensive Care Unit-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Marra A, Pandharipande PP, Patel MB
Surg Clin North Am. 2017 97 (6): 1215-1235

PMID: 29132506 · PMCID: PMC5747308 · DOI:10.1016/j.suc.2017.07.008

Delirium is one of the most common behavioral manifestations of acute brain dysfunction in the intensive care unit (ICU) and is a strong predictor of worse outcome. Routine monitoring for delirium is recommended for all ICU patients using validated tools. In delirious patients, a search for all reversible precipitants is the first line of action and pharmacologic treatment should be considered when all causes have been ruled out, and it is not contraindicated. Long-term morbidity has significant consequences for survivors of critical illness and for their caregivers. ICU patients may develop posttraumatic stress disorder related to their critical illness experience.

Published by Elsevier Inc.

MeSH Terms (14)

Antipsychotic Agents Brain Diseases Cognition Disorders Conscious Sedation Critical Care Critical Illness Delirium Early Ambulation Exercise Therapy Family Humans Pain Measurement Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic Ventilator Weaning

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