Identification of ten variants associated with risk of estrogen-receptor-negative breast cancer.

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Nat Genet. 2017 49 (12): 1767-1778

PMID: 29058716 · PMCID: PMC5808456 · DOI:10.1038/ng.3785

Most common breast cancer susceptibility variants have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of predominantly estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. We conducted a GWAS using 21,468 ER-negative cases and 100,594 controls combined with 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer), all of European origin. We identified independent associations at P < 5 × 10 with ten variants at nine new loci. At P < 0.05, we replicated associations with 10 of 11 variants previously reported in ER-negative disease or BRCA1 mutation carrier GWAS and observed consistent associations with ER-negative disease for 105 susceptibility variants identified by other studies. These 125 variants explain approximately 16% of the familial risk of this breast cancer subtype. There was high genetic correlation (0.72) between risk of ER-negative breast cancer and breast cancer risk for BRCA1 mutation carriers. These findings may lead to improved risk prediction and inform further fine-mapping and functional work to better understand the biological basis of ER-negative breast cancer.

MeSH Terms (12)

BRCA1 Protein Breast Neoplasms European Continental Ancestry Group Female Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genome-Wide Association Study Heterozygote Humans Mutation Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Receptors, Estrogen Risk Factors

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