Characterization of atrial fibrillation adverse events reported in ibrutinib randomized controlled registration trials.

Brown JR, Moslehi J, O'Brien S, Ghia P, Hillmen P, Cymbalista F, Shanafelt TD, Fraser G, Rule S, Kipps TJ, Coutre S, Dilhuydy MS, Cramer P, Tedeschi A, Jaeger U, Dreyling M, Byrd JC, Howes A, Todd M, Vermeulen J, James DF, Clow F, Styles L, Valentino R, Wildgust M, Mahler M, Burger JA
Haematologica. 2017 102 (10): 1796-1805

PMID: 28751558 · PMCID: PMC5622864 · DOI:10.3324/haematol.2017.171041

The first-in-class Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor ibrutinib has proven clinical benefit in B-cell malignancies; however, atrial fibrillation (AF) has been reported in 6-16% of ibrutinib patients. We pooled data from 1505 chronic lymphocytic leukemia and mantle cell lymphoma patients enrolled in four large, randomized, controlled studies to characterize AF with ibrutinib and its management. AF incidence was 6.5% [95% Confidence Interval (CI): 4.8, 8.5] for ibrutinib at 16.6-months 1.6% (95%CI: 0.8, 2.8) for comparator and 10.4% (95%CI: 8.4, 12.9) at the 36-month follow up; estimated cumulative incidence: 13.8% (95%CI: 11.2, 16.8). Ibrutinib treatment, prior history of AF and age 65 years or over were independent risk factors for AF. Multiple AF events were more common with ibrutinib (44.9%; comparator, 16.7%) among patients with AF. Most (85.7%) patients with AF did not discontinue ibrutinib, and more than half received common anticoagulant/antiplatelet medications on study. Low-grade bleeds were more frequent with ibrutinib, but serious bleeds were uncommon (ibrutinib, 2.9%; comparator, 2.0%). Although the AF rate among older non-trial patients with comorbidities is likely underestimated by this dataset, these results suggest that AF among clinical trial patients is generally manageable without ibrutinib discontinuation ().

Copyright© 2017 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

MeSH Terms (19)

Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Agents Atrial Fibrillation Disease Management Female Follow-Up Studies Hemorrhage Humans Incidence Male Middle Aged Protein Kinase Inhibitors Pyrazoles Pyrimidines Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic Risk Factors Time Factors

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