ML327 induces apoptosis and sensitizes Ewing sarcoma cells to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand.

Rellinger EJ, Padmanabhan C, Qiao J, Appert A, Waterson AG, Lindsley CW, Beauchamp RD, Chung DH
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 491 (2): 463-468

PMID: 28716733 · PMCID: PMC5564678 · DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.07.050

Ewing sarcomas are rare mesenchymal-derived bone and soft tissue tumors in children. Afflicted children with distant metastases have poor survival despite aggressive therapeutics. Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in epithelial carcinomas is associated with loss of E-cadherin and resistance to apoptosis. ML327 is a novel small molecule that we have previously shown to reverse epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition features in both epithelial and neural crest-derived cancers. Herein, we sought to evaluate the effects of ML327 on mesenchymal-derived Ewing sarcoma cells, hypothesizing that ML327 initiates growth arrest and sensitizes to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. ML327 induced protein expression changes, increased E-cadherin and decreased vimentin, consistent with partial induction of mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition in multiple Ewing Sarcoma cell lines (SK-N-MC, TC71, and ES-5838). Induction of epithelial features was associated with apoptosis, as demonstrated by PARP and Caspase 3 cleavage by immunoblotting. Cell cycle analysis validated these findings by marked induction of the subG cell population. In vitro combination treatment with TRAIL demonstrated additive induction of apoptotic markers. Taken together, these findings establish a rationale for further in vivo trials of ML327 in cells of mesenchymal origin both alone and in combination with TRAIL.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (20)

Antigens, CD Antineoplastic Agents Apoptosis Cadherins Caspase 3 Cell Cycle Cell Line, Tumor Drug Synergism Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Gene Expression Regulation Humans Isoxazoles Mesenchymal Stem Cells Niacinamide Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases Sarcoma, Ewing Signal Transduction Small Molecule Libraries TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand Vimentin

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