Psychosocial and physical predictors of anginal pain relief with medical management.

Williams RB, Haney TL, McKinnis RA, Harrell FE, Lee KL, Pryor DB, Califf R, Kong YH, Rosati RA, Blumenthal JA
Psychosom Med. 1986 48 (3-4): 200-10

PMID: 2871582 · DOI:10.1097/00006842-198603000-00005

This study was undertaken to identify psychosocial and physical characteristics that independently predict anginal pain relief. The original study group comprised over 570 patients in whom the characteristics were identified at the time of coronary arteriography and who were followed up after 6 months of standard medical therapy. In the subset of 382 of these patients who were assessed as having NYHA Class III or IV angina at the time of angiography, a multivariable analysis of 101 baseline descriptors showed that higher scores on the MMPI hypochondriasis scale, unemployment, and more severe right coronary occlusion were significant independent predictors of failure to achieve two-class improvement at follow-up. These three characteristics also predicted continuing severe angina in a subsequent, independent sample of 91 new patients. These findings could help physicians select appropriate treatment by prospectively identifying patients who are unlikely to respond to standard medical treatment of angina.

MeSH Terms (9)

Adrenergic beta-Antagonists Angina Pectoris Coronary Disease Follow-Up Studies Humans Hypochondriasis MMPI Nitrates Sick Role

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