Epoxygenated Fatty Acids Inhibit Retinal Vascular Inflammation.

Capozzi ME, Hammer SS, McCollum GW, Penn JS
Sci Rep. 2016 6: 39211

PMID: 27966642 · PMCID: PMC5155241 · DOI:10.1038/srep39211

The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of elevating epoxygenated fatty acids on retinal vascular inflammation. To stimulate inflammation we utilized TNFα, a potent pro-inflammatory mediator that is elevated in the serum and vitreous of diabetic patients. In TNFα-stimulated primary human retinal microvascular endothelial cells, total levels of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), but not epoxydocosapentaenoic acids (EDPs), were significantly decreased. Exogenous addition of 11,12-EET or 19,20-EDP when combined with 12-(3-adamantane-1-yl-ureido)-dodecanoic acid (AUDA), an inhibitor of epoxide hydrolysis, inhibited VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression and protein levels; conversely the diol product of 19,20-EDP hydrolysis, 19,20-DHDP, induced VCAM1 and ICAM1 expression. 11,12-EET and 19,20-EDP also inhibited leukocyte adherence to human retinal microvascular endothelial cell monolayers and leukostasis in an acute mouse model of retinal inflammation. Our results indicate that this inhibition may be mediated through an indirect effect on NFκB activation. This is the first study demonstrating a direct comparison of EET and EDP on vascular inflammatory endpoints, and we have confirmed a comparable efficacy from each isomer, suggesting a similar mechanism of action. Taken together, these data establish that epoxygenated fatty acid elevation will inhibit early pathology related to TNFα-induced inflammation in retinal vascular diseases.

MeSH Terms (18)

8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid Adamantane Animals Cells, Cultured Disease Models, Animal Down-Regulation Endothelial Cells Epoxy Compounds Fatty Acids, Unsaturated Humans Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Lauric Acids Male Mice Retinal Vasculitis Retinal Vessels Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1

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