Elevated tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity, reduced forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and mortality in adults with sickle cell disease.

Chaturvedi S, Labib Ghafuri D, Kassim A, Rodeghier M, DeBaun MR
Am J Hematol. 2017 92 (2): 125-130

PMID: 27806442 · DOI:10.1002/ajh.24598

Cardiopulmonary disease is the leading cause of mortality in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD). Elevated tricuspid regurgitant jet velocity (TRJV) and reduced forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV ) %predicted are associated with early mortality in SCD; however their relationship and combined effect on survival is unknown. We investigated the relationship between TRJV and FEV %predicted, and their combined effect on mortality, in a retrospective cohort of 189 adults with SCD who underwent both pulmonary function testing and echocardiography. Nineteen (9.9%) of 189 patients died over a median follow-up of 1.4 years; cardiopulmonary disease was the major cause of death in 52.6%. FEV %predicted was negatively associated with TRJV (Spearman rho, -0.34, P < 0.001). Individuals with FEV %predicted ≤70% were more likely to have an elevated TRJV ≥2.5 m/second, compared to those with FEV %predicted >70% [45.8% versus 17.1%; odds ratio (OR) 4.1 (95% Confidence interval ([CI] 2.1-8.0); P = 0.001]. In a multivariable cox regression model, the combination of TRJV ≥2.5 m/second and FEV %predicted ≤70% predicted earlier mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 4.97 (95% CI 1.30-18.91; P = 0.019)] after adjusting for age, sex, and nephropathy. Both FEV %predicted ≤70% and TRJV ≥2.5 m/second were independently associated with nephropathy [OR 4.48 (95% CI 1.51-13.31); P = 0.004] and [OR 3.27 (95% CI 1.19-9.00); P = 0.017], respectively. In conclusion, pulmonary and cardiac impairment are associated with, and contribute to mortality in SCD. Therapies aimed at improving reduced FEV %predicted and elevated TRJV could improve survival in patients with SCD. Am. J. Hematol. 92:125-130, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (17)

Adult Aged Anemia, Sickle Cell Cohort Studies Echocardiography Female Forced Expiratory Volume Humans Male Middle Aged Multivariate Analysis Odds Ratio Pulmonary Heart Disease Respiratory Function Tests Retrospective Studies Survival Rate Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

Connections (2)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities: