Activation energy of the slowest step in the glucose carrier cycle: break at 23 degrees C and correlation with membrane lipid fluidity.

Whitesell RR, Regen DM, Beth AH, Pelletier DK, Abumrad NA
Biochemistry. 1989 28 (13): 5618-25

PMID: 2775725 · DOI:10.1021/bi00439a042

Glucose transport in the rat erythrocyte is subject to feedback regulation by sugar metabolism at high but not at low temperatures [Abumrad et al. (1988) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 938, 222-230]. This indicates that temperature, which is known to alter membrane fluidity, also alters sensitivity of transport to regulation. In the present work, we have investigated a possible correlation between the effects of temperature on rate-limiting steps of glucose transport and on membrane fluidity. The dependences of methylglucose efflux and influx on cis and trans methylglucose concentrations were studied at temperatures between 17 and 37 degrees C. Membrane fluidity was monitored over the same temperature range by using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. External sugar did not affect efflux, and the Km and Vmax of sugar exit were respectively the same as the Km and Vmax of equilibrium exchange. These Km's were relatively temperature independent, but the Vmax's increased sharply with temperature. The Km and Vmax of methylglucose entry were respectively much lower than the Km and Vmax of exit and exchange. Consistent with the above, intracellular sugar greatly enhanced sugar influx, and did so by increasing the influx Vmax without affecting the influx Km. Both lines of evidence indicated that the conformational change of the empty sugar-binding site from in-facing to out-facing orientation is the rate-limiting step of sugar entry into the rat erythrocyte. This was the case at all temperatures; however, the discrepancies of coefficients declined significantly with increasing temperature.2+ The temperature dependence of the slowest step (change from in- to out-facing empty carrier) was evaluated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Calorimetry Erythrocyte Membrane Erythrocytes Feedback In Vitro Techniques Kinetics Mathematics Membrane Fluidity Methylglucosides Models, Theoretical Monosaccharide Transport Proteins Rats Thermodynamics

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