Review of thalamocortical resting-state fMRI studies in schizophrenia.

Giraldo-Chica M, Woodward ND
Schizophr Res. 2017 180: 58-63

PMID: 27531067 · PMCID: PMC5297399 · DOI:10.1016/j.schres.2016.08.005

Brain circuitry underlying cognition, emotion, and perception is abnormal in schizophrenia. There is considerable evidence that the neuropathology of schizophrenia includes the thalamus, a key hub of cortical-subcortical circuitry and an important regulator of cortical activity. However, the thalamus is a heterogeneous structure composed of several nuclei with distinct inputs and cortical connections. Limitations of conventional neuroimaging methods and conflicting findings from post-mortem investigations have made it difficult to determine if thalamic pathology in schizophrenia is widespread or limited to specific thalamocortical circuits. Resting-state fMRI has proven invaluable for understanding the large-scale functional organization of the brain and investigating neural circuitry relevant to psychiatric disorders. This article summarizes resting-state fMRI investigations of thalamocortical functional connectivity in schizophrenia. Particular attention is paid to the course, diagnostic specificity, and clinical correlates of thalamocortical network dysfunction.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (9)

Animals Brain Mapping Cerebral Cortex Humans Magnetic Resonance Imaging Neural Pathways Rest Schizophrenia Thalamus

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links