PURPOSE - Evaluation of [F]fluoromisonidazole ([F]FMISO)-positron emission tomography (PET) imaging as a metric for evaluating early response to trastuzumab therapy with histological validation in a murine model of HER2+ breast cancer.
PROCEDURES - Mice with BT474, HER2+ tumors, were imaged with [F]FMISO-PET during trastuzumab therapy. Pimonidazole staining was used to confirm hypoxia from imaging.
RESULTS - [F]FMISO-PET indicated significant decreases in hypoxia beginning on day 3 (P < 0.01) prior to changes in tumor size. These results were confirmed with pimonidazole staining on day 7 (P < 0.01); additionally, there was a significant positive linear correlation between histology and PET imaging (r = 0.85).
CONCLUSIONS - [F]FMISO-PET is a clinically relevant modality which provides the opportunity to (1) predict response to HER2+ therapy before changes in tumor size and (2) identify decreases in hypoxia which has the potential to guide subsequent therapy.