Platelet receptor recognition domains on the alpha chain of human fibrinogen: structure-function analysis.

Hawiger J, Kloczewiak M, Bednarek MA, Timmons S
Biochemistry. 1989 28 (7): 2909-14

PMID: 2742818 · DOI:10.1021/bi00433a024

We have previously shown that the alpha chain of human fibrinogen interacts directly with ADP-activated human platelets [Hawiger, J., Timmons, S., Kloczewiak, M., Strong, D. D., & Doolittle, R. F. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79, 2068]. Now, we report that platelet receptor recognition domains are localized on two CNBr fragments of the human fibrinogen alpha chain. They encompass residues 92-147 and 518-584, which inhibit 125I-fibrinogen binding to ADP-stimulated platelets. The inhibitory CNBr fragment alpha 92-147 contains the RGD sequence at residues 95-97. Synthetic peptides encompassing this sequence were inhibitory while peptide 99-113 lacking the RGD sequence was inactive. The synthetic peptide RGDF, corresponding to residues alpha 95-98, inhibited the binding of 125I-fibrinogen to ADP-treated platelets (IC50 = 2 microM). However, the peptides containing sequence RGDF, with residues preceding Arg95 or following Phe98, were less inhibitory. It appears that the sequence alpha 95-98 constitutes a platelet receptor recognition domain which is constrained by flanking residues. The second inhibitory CNBr fragment, alpha 518-584, also contains the sequence RGD at positions 572-574. Synthetic peptides overlapping this sequence were inhibitory, while peptides lacking the sequence RGDS were not reactive. Thus, another platelet reactive site on the alpha chain encompasses residues 572-575 containing sequence RGDS. In conclusion, the platelet receptor recognition domains on the human fibrinogen alpha chain in the amino-terminal and in the carboxy-terminal zones contain the ubiquitous cell recognition sequence RGD shared with other known adhesive proteins.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (11)

Amino Acid Sequence Blood Platelets Fibrinogen Humans In Vitro Techniques Macromolecular Substances Models, Theoretical Molecular Sequence Data Peptide Fragments Peptides Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins

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