Discovery of Small-Molecule Modulators of the Human Y4 Receptor.

Sliwoski G, Schubert M, Stichel J, Weaver D, Beck-Sickinger AG, Meiler J
PLoS One. 2016 11 (6): e0157146

PMID: 27294784 · PMCID: PMC4905667 · DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0157146

The human neuropeptide Y4 receptor (Y4R) and its native ligand, pancreatic polypeptide, are critically involved in the regulation of human metabolism by signaling satiety and regulating food intake, as well as increasing energy expenditure. Thus, this receptor represents a putative target for treatment of obesity. With respect to new approaches to treat complex metabolic disorders, especially in multi-receptor systems, small molecule allosteric modulators have been in the focus of research in the last years. However, no positive allosteric modulators or agonists of the Y4R have been described so far. In this study, small molecule compounds derived from the Niclosamide scaffold were identified by high-throughput screening to increase Y4R activity. Compounds were characterized for their potency and their effects at the human Y4R and as well as their selectivity towards Y1R, Y2R and Y5R. These compounds provide a structure-activity relationship profile around this common scaffold and lay the groundwork for hit-to-lead optimization and characterization of positive allosteric modulators of the Y4R.

MeSH Terms (11)

Allosteric Regulation Animals Chlorocebus aethiops COS Cells Drug Evaluation, Preclinical Humans Ligands Niclosamide Receptors, Neuropeptide Y Small Molecule Libraries Structure-Activity Relationship

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