Burn injury alters intestinal glutamine transport.

Pietsch JB, Leonard D, Neblett WW, Abumrad NN, Ghishan FK
J Surg Res. 1989 46 (4): 296-9

PMID: 2704226 · DOI:10.1016/0022-4804(89)90190-x

Several studies have established that intestinal glutamine (GLN) metabolism is altered during catabolic states. It remains unclear whether these alterations are due to a defect in metabolism or in transport of the amino acid. The present study examines the kinetics of GLN transport across basolateral membrane vesicles (BLMV) of enterocytes obtained from control rats and rats subjected to 20% full-thickness scald burn, 48 hr previously. BLMV were prepared from freshly isolated enterocytes using differential centrifugation with separation on a Percoll density gradient. BLMV were enriched (10- to 12-fold) with Na+-K+-ATPase while markers for brush border membranes were impoverished. Previous studies from our laboratory indicated that, in this preparation, GLN transport is into an osmotically sensitive space, dependent on GLN concentration, linear up to 30 sec, and both temperature and Na+ dependent. Our results indicate that in thermal injury, initial rates of GLN uptake were depressed (y = 3.67 + 0.435X for burned rats vs y = 18.7 + 0.907X for controls, P less than 0.01). Kinetic analysis of GLN uptake showed a marked decrease in transport Vmax (81.8 +/- 15 nmole/mg protein/15 sec for burned rats vs 185 +/- 17 nmole/mg protein/15 sec for controls, P less than 0.001). Transport Km also decreased from 0.25 +/- 0.004 mM for controls to 0.08 +/- 0.03 mM glutamine for burned rats (P less than 0.001). Kinetic studies performed at GLN levels greater than 0.6 mM showed that GLN uptake proceeded by a nonsaturable process in both the control and burned rats. No significant alteration in this nonsaturable component was observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (8)

Animals Biological Transport Burns Glutamine Intestinal Mucosa Kinetics Rats Rats, Inbred Strains

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