p73 Is Required for Multiciliogenesis and Regulates the Foxj1-Associated Gene Network.

Marshall CB, Mays DJ, Beeler JS, Rosenbluth JM, Boyd KL, Santos Guasch GL, Shaver TM, Tang LJ, Liu Q, Shyr Y, Venters BJ, Magnuson MA, Pietenpol JA
Cell Rep. 2016 14 (10): 2289-300

PMID: 26947080 · PMCID: PMC4794398 · DOI:10.1016/j.celrep.2016.02.035

We report that p73 is expressed in multiciliated cells (MCCs), is required for MCC differentiation, and directly regulates transcriptional modulators of multiciliogenesis. Loss of ciliary biogenesis provides a unifying mechanism for many phenotypes observed in p73 knockout mice including hydrocephalus; hippocampal dysgenesis; sterility; and chronic inflammation/infection of lung, middle ear, and sinus. Through p73 and p63 ChIP-seq using murine tracheal cells, we identified over 100 putative p73 target genes that regulate MCC differentiation and homeostasis. We validated Foxj1, a transcriptional regulator of multiciliogenesis, and many other cilia-associated genes as direct target genes of p73 and p63. We show p73 and p63 are co-expressed in a subset of basal cells and suggest that p73 marks these cells for MCC differentiation. In summary, p73 is essential for MCC differentiation, functions as a critical regulator of a transcriptome required for MCC differentiation, and, like p63, has an essential role in development of tissues.

Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (23)

Animals Bronchioles Cell Differentiation Cells, Cultured Cilia Epithelial Cells Epithelium Female Forkhead Transcription Factors Gene Regulatory Networks Lung Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Mice, Transgenic Phosphoproteins RNA Interference Sequence Analysis, RNA Trachea Trans-Activators Transcriptome Tumor Protein p73

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