Novel genetic predictors of venous thromboembolism risk in African Americans.

Hernandez W, Gamazon ER, Smithberger E, O'Brien TJ, Harralson AF, Tuck M, Barbour A, Kittles RA, Cavallari LH, Perera MA
Blood. 2016 127 (15): 1923-9

PMID: 26888256 · PMCID: PMC4832509 · DOI:10.1182/blood-2015-09-668525

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the third most common life-threatening cardiovascular condition in the United States, with African Americans (AAs) having a 30% to 60% higher incidence compared with other ethnicities. The mechanisms underlying population differences in the risk of VTE are poorly understood. We conducted the first genome-wide association study in AAs, comprising 578 subjects, followed by replication of highly significant findings in an independent cohort of 159 AA subjects. Logistic regression was used to estimate the association between genetic variants and VTE risk. Through bioinformatics analysis of the top signals, we identified expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in whole blood and investigated the messenger RNA expression differences in VTE cases and controls. We identified and replicated single-nucleotide polymorphisms on chromosome 20 (rs2144940, rs2567617, and rs1998081) that increased risk of VTE by 2.3-fold (P< 6 × 10(-7)). These risk variants were found in higher frequency among populations of African descent (>20%) compared with other ethnic groups (<10%). We demonstrate that SNPs on chromosome 20 are cis-eQTLs for thrombomodulin (THBD), and the expression of THBD is lower among VTE cases compared with controls (P= 9.87 × 10(-6)). We have identified novel polymorphisms associated with increased risk of VTE in AAs. These polymorphisms are predominantly found among populations of African descent and are associated with THBD gene expression. Our findings provide new molecular insight into a mechanism regulating VTE susceptibility and identify common genetic variants that increase the risk of VTE in AAs, a population disproportionately affected by this disease.

MeSH Terms (20)

African Americans Aged Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 Cohort Studies Female Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genome-Wide Association Study Genotype Humans Male Middle Aged Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide Quantitative Trait Loci Regression Analysis Risk Factors RNA, Messenger Thrombomodulin United States Venous Thromboembolism

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