A Phase I Study of the Anti-Activin Receptor-Like Kinase 1 (ALK-1) Monoclonal Antibody PF-03446962 in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.

Goff LW, Cohen RB, Berlin JD, de Braud FG, Lyshchik A, Noberasco C, Bertolini F, Carpentieri M, Stampino CG, Abbattista A, Wang E, Borghaei H
Clin Cancer Res. 2016 22 (9): 2146-54

PMID: 26655846 · PMCID: PMC7328801 · DOI:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-1622

PURPOSE - Objectives of this dose-finding study were to determine the MTD and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of the first-in-class anti-activin receptor-like kinase 1 (ALK-1) monoclonal antibody PF-03446962, and assess safety and antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN - This open-label, multicenter study was based on a 3+3 design. PF-03446962 was administered biweekly by intravenous infusion, at doses ranging from 0.5 to 15 mg/kg.

RESULTS - Forty-four patients received treatment with PF-03446962. Dose-limiting toxicities observed during dose escalation included grade 3 increased amylase, grade 3/4 increased lipase, and grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia. The MTD was determined to be 10 mg/kg. The RP2D was set at 7 mg/kg for patients with advanced solid tumors, based on the observed safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity. The most-frequent treatment-related, all-grade adverse events included thrombocytopenia (20.5%), fatigue (15.9%), and nausea, increased amylase, and increased lipase (each 11.4%). Treatment-related telangiectasia was noted in 7% of patients, suggesting in vivo inhibition of the ALK-1 pathway. None of the deaths was deemed to be treatment-related. Three (6.8%) patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, or non-small cell lung cancer achieved a partial response, and 12 (27.3%) patients had stable disease, across dose levels. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound analysis of tumor vascularity showed reduction in tumor perfusion in 2 patients with stable disease following treatment with PF-03446962.

CONCLUSIONS - The clinical activity demonstrated in this study points to PF-03446962 as a novel approach to antiangiogenic therapy, with manageable safety profile and single-agent, antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors. Clin Cancer Res; 22(9); 2146-54. ©2015 AACR.

©2015 American Association for Cancer Research.

MeSH Terms (14)

Activin Receptors, Type II Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antibodies, Monoclonal Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized Antineoplastic Agents Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Female Humans Male Middle Aged Neoplasms Treatment Outcome

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