Reproducibility of Differential Proteomic Technologies in CPTAC Fractionated Xenografts.

Tabb DL, Wang X, Carr SA, Clauser KR, Mertins P, Chambers MC, Holman JD, Wang J, Zhang B, Zimmerman LJ, Chen X, Gunawardena HP, Davies SR, Ellis MJ, Li S, Townsend RR, Boja ES, Ketchum KA, Kinsinger CR, Mesri M, Rodriguez H, Liu T, Kim S, McDermott JE, Payne SH, Petyuk VA, Rodland KD, Smith RD, Yang F, Chan DW, Zhang B, Zhang H, Zhang Z, Zhou JY, Liebler DC
J Proteome Res. 2016 15 (3): 691-706

PMID: 26653538 · PMCID: PMC4779376 · DOI:10.1021/acs.jproteome.5b00859

The NCI Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) employed a pair of reference xenograft proteomes for initial platform validation and ongoing quality control of its data collection for The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) tumors. These two xenografts, representing basal and luminal-B human breast cancer, were fractionated and analyzed on six mass spectrometers in a total of 46 replicates divided between iTRAQ and label-free technologies, spanning a total of 1095 LC-MS/MS experiments. These data represent a unique opportunity to evaluate the stability of proteomic differentiation by mass spectrometry over many months of time for individual instruments or across instruments running dissimilar workflows. We evaluated iTRAQ reporter ions, label-free spectral counts, and label-free extracted ion chromatograms as strategies for data interpretation (source code is available from http://homepages.uc.edu/~wang2x7/Research.htm ). From these assessments, we found that differential genes from a single replicate were confirmed by other replicates on the same instrument from 61 to 93% of the time. When comparing across different instruments and quantitative technologies, using multiple replicates, differential genes were reproduced by other data sets from 67 to 99% of the time. Projecting gene differences to biological pathways and networks increased the degree of similarity. These overlaps send an encouraging message about the maturity of technologies for proteomic differentiation.

MeSH Terms (14)

Breast Neoplasms Chromatography, Liquid Data Interpretation, Statistical Female Gene Expression Profiling Heterografts Humans Metabolic Networks and Pathways Observer Variation Proteome Proteomics Quality Control Reproducibility of Results Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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