Lovastatin in the treatment of multifactorial hyperlipidemia associated with proteinuria.

Golper TA, Illingworth DR, Morris CD, Bennett WM
Am J Kidney Dis. 1989 13 (4): 312-20

PMID: 2650539 · DOI:10.1016/s0272-6386(89)80038-1

The efficacy and safety of lovastatin as a hypolipidemic agent were evaluated in ten adult patients with secondary hypercholesterolemia due to proteinuria (greater than 2 g/d) and (in seven patients) concurrent corticosteroid therapy. Patients were on a low-cholesterol diet throughout the study. After a 4-week baseline period, patients were randomized to receive either placebo or 10 mg lovastatin twice daily for a period of 6 weeks. The dose of lovastatin was increased to 20 mg twice daily for 6 weeks, and 40 mg twice daily for 6 weeks in the latter group. Those patients who received placebo for the first 6 weeks subsequently received 10, 20, and 40 mg of lovastatin twice daily in a stepped dose regimen, with each dose given for 6 weeks. Lovastatin was well tolerated by all patients and none withdrew from the study. Baseline plasma cholesterol concentrations (390 +/- 20 mg/dL; mean +/- SEM) decreased 22% (P less than 0.003) at the lowest dose of 10 mg twice daily, 27% at 20 mg twice daily, and 33% at 40 mg twice daily. Baseline plasma triglycerides decreased by 25% (P less than 0.05) at the highest dosage. Concentrations of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol fell by 29%, 34%, and 45% on doses of 10, 20, and 40 mg of lovastatin twice daily. Concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol increased slightly. Serum creatinine concentrations and proteinuria were not affected by lovastatin therapy. We conclude that lovastatin was a well-tolerated and extremely effective hypocholesterolemic agent in patients with persistent secondary hypercholesterolemia associated with proteinuria or proteinuria and concurrent corticosteroid therapy.

MeSH Terms (15)

Adrenal Cortex Hormones Adult Cholesterol, Dietary Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL Clinical Trials as Topic Female Humans Hypercholesterolemia Lovastatin Male Middle Aged Nephrotic Syndrome Proteinuria Random Allocation

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