Development of Novel, CNS Penetrant Positive Allosteric Modulators for the Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Subtype 1 (mGlu1), Based on an N-(3-Chloro-4-(1,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)phenyl)-3-methylfuran-2-carboxamide Scaffold, That Potentiate Wild Type and Mutant mGlu1 Receptors Found in Schizophrenics.

Garcia-Barrantes PM, Cho HP, Niswender CM, Byers FW, Locuson CW, Blobaum AL, Xiang Z, Rook JM, Conn PJ, Lindsley CW
J Med Chem. 2015 58 (20): 7959-71

PMID: 26426481 · PMCID: PMC4839290 · DOI:10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00727

The therapeutic potential of selective mGlu1 activation is vastly unexplored relative to the other group I mGlu receptor, mGlu5; therefore, our lab has focused considerable effort toward developing mGlu1 positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) suitable as in vivo proof of concept tool compounds. Optimization of a series of mGlu1 PAMs based on an N-(3-chloro-4-(1,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)phenyl)-3-methylfuran-2-carboxamide scaffold provided 17e, a potent (mGlu1 EC50 = 31.8 nM) and highly CNS penetrant (brain to plasma ratio (Kp) of 1.02) mGlu1 PAM tool compound, that potentiated not only wild-type human mGlu1 but also mutant mGlu1 receptors derived from deleterious GRM1 mutations found in schizophrenic patients. Moreover, both electrophysiological and in vivo studies indicate the mGlu1 ago-PAMs/PAMs do not possess the same epileptiform adverse effect liability as mGlu5 ago-PAMs/PAMs and maintain temporal activity suggesting a broader therapeutic window.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Central Nervous System Epilepsy GABA Agonists GABA Modulators Half-Life Humans Molecular Conformation Rats Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5 Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate Schizophrenia Structure-Activity Relationship

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