The evolution of the human genome.

Simonti CN, Capra JA
Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2015 35: 9-15

PMID: 26338498 · PMCID: PMC4695266 · DOI:10.1016/j.gde.2015.08.005

Human genomes hold a record of the evolutionary forces that have shaped our species. Advances in DNA sequencing, functional genomics, and population genetic modeling have deepened our understanding of human demographic history, natural selection, and many other long-studied topics. These advances have also revealed many previously underappreciated factors that influence the evolution of the human genome, including functional modifications to DNA and histones, conserved 3D topological chromatin domains, structural variation, and heterogeneous mutation patterns along the genome. Using evolutionary theory as a lens to study these phenomena will lead to significant breakthroughs in understanding what makes us human and why we get sick.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (9)

Biological Evolution Evolution, Molecular Gene Expression Regulation Genetics, Population Genetic Variation Genome, Human Humans Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid Selection, Genetic

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