Structural Characterization of Methylenedianiline Regioisomers by Ion Mobility-Mass Spectrometry, Tandem Mass Spectrometry, and Computational Strategies. 2. Electrospray Spectra of 3-Ring and 4-Ring Isomers.

Stow SM, Onifer TM, Forsythe JG, Nefzger H, Kwiecien NW, May JC, McLean JA, Hercules DM
Anal Chem. 2015 87 (12): 6288-96

PMID: 25971782 · PMCID: PMC5642105 · DOI:10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01084

Building on results from our previous study of 2-ring methylenedianiline (MDA), a combined mass spectrometry approach utilizing ion mobility-mass spectrometry (IM-MS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) coupled with computational methods enables the structural characterization of purified 3-ring and 4-ring MDA regioisomers in this current study. The preferred site of protonation for the 3-ring and 4-ring MDA was determined to be on the amino groups. Additionally, the location of the protonated amine along the MDA multimer was found to influence the gas phase stability of these molecules. Fragmentation mechanisms similar to the 2-ring MDA species were observed for both the 3-ring and 4-ring MDA. The structural characterization of 3-ring and 4-ring MDA isomers using modern MS techniques may aid polyurethane synthesis by the characterization of industrial grade MDA, multimeric MDA species, and methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) mixtures.

MeSH Terms (6)

Aniline Compounds Computer Simulation Molecular Structure Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization Stereoisomerism Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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