Sexual and developmental differences in peptides regulating growth hormone secretion in the rat.

Gabriel SM, Millard WJ, Koenig JI, Badger TM, Russell WE, Maiter DM, Martin JB
Neuroendocrinology. 1989 50 (3): 299-307

PMID: 2571953 · DOI:10.1159/000125237

Sex differences in the hypothalamic control of growth hormone (GH) secretion were investigated by measuring rat GH-releasing factor (rGRF) and somatostatin in male and female rats. Rat GRF-like immunoreactivity (rGRF-IR) was higher in the median eminence and hypothalamic tissue outside of the median eminence of adult (90-day-old) male compared to female rats. A similar pattern of rGRF-IR content was found in the median eminence of 35-day-old rats. This sex difference developed between days 25 and 35 of age, during which time serum concentrations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1) and body weight increased in both sexes. To a lesser extent, the content of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity (SLI) was higher in the median eminence of adult female rats compared to male rats. Whole hypothalamic rGRF-IR and SLI contents were influenced only moderately by adult gonadectomy or gonadal steroid treatments. For example, estrogen increased rGRF-IR content in castrated rats, but orchidectomy alone or orchidectomy followed by testosterone did not influence rGRF-IR content. Additionally, whole hypothalamic SLI content was unaffected by orchidectomy or orchidectomy followed by testosterone or estrogen. One month after ovariectomy, rGRF-IR and SLI in whole hypothalamic fragments were similar to their respective contents in gonad-intact males. However, ovariectomy followed by estrogen or testosterone did not restore rGRF-IR content and partially restored SLI content to levels seen in gonad-intact females.

MeSH Terms (14)

Aging Animals Female Growth Hormone Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Hypothalamus Male Median Eminence Orchiectomy Ovariectomy Rats Rats, Inbred Strains Sex Characteristics Somatostatin

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