Infectious causes of necrotizing enterocolitis.

Coggins SA, Wynn JL, Weitkamp JH
Clin Perinatol. 2015 42 (1): 133-54, ix

PMID: 25678001 · PMCID: PMC4328138 · DOI:10.1016/j.clp.2014.10.012

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency among premature infants. Although a large body of research has focused on understanding its pathogenesis, the exact mechanism has not been elucidated. Of particular interest is the potential causative role of infectious culprits in the development of NEC. A variety of reports describe bacterial, viral, and fungal infections occurring in association with NEC; however, no single organism has emerged as being definitively involved in NEC pathogenesis. In this review, the authors summarize the literature on infectious causes of NEC.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (8)

Bacterial Infections Candidiasis Enterocolitis, Necrotizing Humans Infant Infant, Newborn Infant, Premature Virus Diseases

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