Effects of particle size and porosity on in vivo remodeling of settable allograft bone/polymer composites.

Prieto EM, Talley AD, Gould NR, Zienkiewicz KJ, Drapeau SJ, Kalpakci KN, Guelcher SA
J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater. 2015 103 (8): 1641-51

PMID: 25581686 · PMCID: PMC4496323 · DOI:10.1002/jbm.b.33349

Established clinical approaches to treat bone voids include the implantation of autograft or allograft bone, ceramics, and other bone void fillers (BVFs). Composites prepared from lysine-derived polyurethanes and allograft bone can be injected as a reactive liquid and set to yield BVFs with mechanical strength comparable to trabecular bone. In this study, we investigated the effects of porosity, allograft particle size, and matrix mineralization on remodeling of injectable and settable allograft/polymer composites in a rabbit femoral condyle plug defect model. Both low viscosity and high viscosity grafts incorporating small (<105 μm) particles only partially healed at 12 weeks, and the addition of 10% demineralized bone matrix did not enhance healing. In contrast, composite grafts with large (105-500 μm) allograft particles healed at 12 weeks postimplantation, as evidenced by radial μCT and histomorphometric analysis. This study highlights particle size and surface connectivity as influential parameters regulating the remodeling of composite bone scaffolds.

© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

MeSH Terms (10)

Allografts Animals Bone Remodeling Bone Transplantation Calcification, Physiologic Femur Particle Size Polyurethanes Porosity Rats

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