ROS-responsive microspheres for on demand antioxidant therapy in a model of diabetic peripheral arterial disease.

Poole KM, Nelson CE, Joshi RV, Martin JR, Gupta MK, Haws SC, Kavanaugh TE, Skala MC, Duvall CL
Biomaterials. 2015 41: 166-75

PMID: 25522975 · PMCID: PMC4274772 · DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.11.016

A new microparticle-based delivery system was synthesized from reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive poly(propylene sulfide) (PPS) and tested for "on demand" antioxidant therapy. PPS is hydrophobic but undergoes a phase change to become hydrophilic upon oxidation and thus provides a useful platform for ROS-demanded drug release. This platform was tested for delivery of the promising anti-inflammatory and antioxidant therapeutic molecule curcumin, which is currently limited in use in its free form due to poor pharmacokinetic properties. PPS microspheres efficiently encapsulated curcumin through oil-in-water emulsion and provided sustained, on demand release that was modulated in vitro by hydrogen peroxide concentration. The cytocompatible, curcumin-loaded microspheres preferentially targeted and scavenged intracellular ROS in activated macrophages, reduced in vitro cell death in the presence of cytotoxic levels of ROS, and decreased tissue-level ROS in vivo in the diabetic mouse hind limb ischemia model of peripheral arterial disease. Interestingly, due to the ROS scavenging behavior of PPS, the blank microparticles also showed inherent therapeutic properties that were synergistic with the effects of curcumin in these assays. Functionally, local delivery of curcumin-PPS microspheres accelerated recovery from hind limb ischemia in diabetic mice, as demonstrated using non-invasive imaging techniques. This work demonstrates the potential for PPS microspheres as a generalizable vehicle for ROS-demanded drug release and establishes the utility of this platform for improving local curcumin bioavailability for treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (27)

Animals Antioxidants Cell Survival Chemokine CCL2 Curcumin Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental Endocytosis Female Hindlimb Hydrogen Peroxide Interferon-gamma Intracellular Space Ischemia Kinetics Lipopolysaccharides Macrophage Activation Mice Microspheres Muscles NIH 3T3 Cells Oxygen Particle Size Perfusion Peripheral Arterial Disease Polymers Reactive Oxygen Species Sulfides

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