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Nonverbal patient with autism spectrum disorder and obstructive sleep apnea: use of desensitization to acclimatize to a dental appliance.

Fetner M, Cascio CJ, Essick G
Pediatr Dent. 2014 36 (7): 499-501

PMID: 25514080

Patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may have difficulty tolerating conventional dental treatment due to aberrant sensory responsiveness. The purpose of this report was to describe the successful treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a nonverbal 20-year-old male patient with ASD using a dental appliance. A series of appointments prepared the patient for the required treatment procedures and desensitized him for use of the final appliance. The final appliance improved outcomes of a post-treatment sleep study, indicating successful treatment of OSA. Understanding the specific challenges of patients with ASD and the patience and foresight of providers in approaching these challenges, in collaboration with caregivers, can contribute to improved health outcomes for these patients.

MeSH Terms (17)

Child Development Disorders, Pervasive Dental Care for Disabled Dental Impression Materials Dental Impression Technique Desensitization, Psychologic Follow-Up Studies Humans Male Mandibular Advancement Mouth Protectors Orthodontic Appliance Design Orthodontic Appliances Polyvinyls Siloxanes Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Treatment Outcome Young Adult

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