Preprocessing significantly improves the peptide/protein identification sensitivity of high-resolution isobarically labeled tandem mass spectrometry data.

Sheng Q, Li R, Dai J, Li Q, Su Z, Guo Y, Li C, Shyr Y, Zeng R
Mol Cell Proteomics. 2015 14 (2): 405-17

PMID: 25435543 · PMCID: PMC4350035 · DOI:10.1074/mcp.O114.041376

Isobaric labeling techniques coupled with high-resolution mass spectrometry have been widely employed in proteomic workflows requiring relative quantification. For each high-resolution tandem mass spectrum (MS/MS), isobaric labeling techniques can be used not only to quantify the peptide from different samples by reporter ions, but also to identify the peptide it is derived from. Because the ions related to isobaric labeling may act as noise in database searching, the MS/MS spectrum should be preprocessed before peptide or protein identification. In this article, we demonstrate that there are a lot of high-frequency, high-abundance isobaric related ions in the MS/MS spectrum, and removing isobaric related ions combined with deisotoping and deconvolution in MS/MS preprocessing procedures significantly improves the peptide/protein identification sensitivity. The user-friendly software package TurboRaw2MGF (v2.0) has been implemented for converting raw TIC data files to mascot generic format files and can be downloaded for free from https://github.com/shengqh/RCPA.Tools/releases as part of the software suite ProteomicsTools. The data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD000994.

© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

MeSH Terms (11)

Animals Databases, Protein Ions Isotope Labeling Molecular Weight Peptides Proteins Rats Search Engine Statistics as Topic Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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