Preoperative opioid use and its association with perioperative opioid demand and postoperative opioid independence in patients undergoing spine surgery.

Armaghani SJ, Lee DS, Bible JE, Archer KR, Shau DN, Kay H, Zhang C, McGirt MJ, Devin CJ
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 39 (25): E1524-30

PMID: 25417827 · DOI:10.1097/BRS.0000000000000622

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Aged Analgesics, Opioid Anxiety Depression Female Humans Male Middle Aged Opioid-Related Disorders Orthopedic Procedures Pain Perioperative Period Postoperative Complications Prospective Studies Spine

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