Life paths and accomplishments of mathematically precocious males and females four decades later.

Lubinski D, Benbow CP, Kell HJ
Psychol Sci. 2014 25 (12): 2217-32

PMID: 25384550 · DOI:10.1177/0956797614551371

Two cohorts of intellectually talented 13-year-olds were identified in the 1970s (1972-1974 and 1976-1978) as being in the top 1% of mathematical reasoning ability (1,037 males, 613 females). About four decades later, data on their careers, accomplishments, psychological well-being, families, and life preferences and priorities were collected. Their accomplishments far exceeded base-rate expectations: Across the two cohorts, 4.1% had earned tenure at a major research university, 2.3% were top executives at "name brand" or Fortune 500 companies, and 2.4% were attorneys at major firms or organizations; participants had published 85 books and 7,572 refereed articles, secured 681 patents, and amassed $358 million in grants. For both males and females, mathematical precocity early in life predicts later creative contributions and leadership in critical occupational roles. On average, males had incomes much greater than their spouses', whereas females had incomes slightly lower than their spouses'. Salient sex differences that paralleled the differential career outcomes of the male and female participants were found in lifestyle preferences and priorities and in time allocation.

© The Author(s) 2014.

MeSH Terms (19)

Achievement Adaptation, Psychological Adolescent Aptitude Career Choice Cohort Studies Family Female Humans Income Intelligence Leadership Life Style Male Mathematics Middle Aged Occupations Personal Satisfaction Sex Distribution

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