CD8αα⁺ innate-type lymphocytes in the intestinal epithelium mediate mucosal immunity.

Van Kaer L, Algood HMS, Singh K, Parekh VV, Greer MJ, Piazuelo MB, Weitkamp JH, Matta P, Chaturvedi R, Wilson KT, Olivares-Villagómez D
Immunity. 2014 41 (3): 451-464

PMID: 25220211 · PMCID: PMC4169715 · DOI:10.1016/j.immuni.2014.08.010

Innate immune responses are critical for mucosal immunity. Here we describe an innate lymphocyte population, iCD8α cells, characterized by expression of CD8α homodimers. iCD8α cells exhibit innate functional characteristics such as the capacity to engulf and kill bacteria. Development of iCD8α cells depends on expression of interleukin-2 receptor γ chain (IL-2Rγc), IL-15, and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ib protein H2-T3, also known as the thymus leukemia antigen or TL. While lineage tracking experiments indicated that iCD8α cells have a lymphoid origin, their development was independent of the transcriptional suppressor Id2, suggesting that these cells do not belong to the family of innate lymphoid cells. Finally, we identified cells with a similar phenotype in humans, which were profoundly depleted in newborns with necrotizing enterocolitis. These findings suggest a critical role of iCD8α cells in immune responses associated with the intestinal epithelium.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (22)

Animals Antigen Presentation CD8 Antigens Citrobacter rodentium Cytochalasin D Enterocolitis, Necrotizing Helicobacter pylori Histocompatibility Antigens Class I Humans Immunity, Mucosal Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 2 Interleukin-2 Interleukin-7 Interleukin-15 Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit Intestinal Mucosa Lymphocyte Activation Lymphocytes Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Phagocytosis

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