Validity and reliability assessment of detailed scoring checklists for use during perioperative emergency simulation training.

McEvoy MD, Hand WR, Furse CM, Field LC, Clark CA, Moitra VK, Nietert PJ, O'Connor MF, Nunnally ME
Simul Healthc. 2014 9 (5): 295-303

PMID: 25188486 · PMCID: PMC4182114 · DOI:10.1097/SIH.0000000000000048

INTRODUCTION - Few valid and reliable grading checklists have been published for the evaluation of performance during simulated high-stakes perioperative event management. As such, the purposes of this study were to construct valid scoring checklists for a variety of perioperative emergencies and to determine the reliability of scores produced by these checklists during continuous video review.

METHODS - A group of anesthesiologists, intensivists, and educators created a set of simulation grading checklists for the assessment of the following scenarios: severe anaphylaxis, cerebrovascular accident, hyperkalemic arrest, malignant hyperthermia, and acute coronary syndrome. Checklist items were coded as critical or noncritical. Nonexpert raters evaluated 10 simulation videos in a random order, with each video being graded 4 times. A group of faculty experts also graded the videos to create a reference standard to which nonexpert ratings were compared. P < 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS - Team leaders in the simulation videos were scored by the expert panel as having performed 56.5% of all items on the checklist (range, 43.8%-84.0%), and 67.2% of the critical items (range, 30.0%-100%). Nonexpert raters agreed with the expert assessment 89.6% of the time (95% confidence interval, 87.2%-91.6%). No learning curve development was found with repetitive video assessment or checklist use. The κ values comparing nonexpert rater assessments to the reference standard averaged 0.76 (95% confidence interval, 0.71-0.81).

CONCLUSIONS - The findings indicate that the grading checklists described are valid, are reliable, and could be used in perioperative crisis management assessment.

MeSH Terms (7)

Checklist Clinical Competence Computer Simulation Emergency Medical Services Humans Perioperative Care Reproducibility of Results

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