Pediatric posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome presenting with isolated cerebellar edema and obstructive hydrocephalus.

Ettinger N, Pearson M, Lamb FS, Wellons JC
J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2014 14 (4): 344-7

PMID: 25062302 · PMCID: PMC4332559 · DOI:10.3171/2014.6.PEDS13553

In this report, the authors describe the case of a teenage boy who presented with hypertensive emergency, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, and hydrocephalus due to fourth ventricle outlet obstruction. Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a well-characterized but uncommon syndrome in children that is generally triggered by severe hypertension. The unusual clinical picture of this patient, who had isolated cerebellar edema leading to obstructive hydrocephalus, has been rarely described in children.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adolescent Antihypertensive Agents Brain Edema Cerebellum Drainage Fourth Ventricle Humans Hydrocephalus Hypertension Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular Magnetic Resonance Imaging Male Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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