Algae intoxication in livestock and waterfowl.

Beasley VR, Cook WO, Dahlem AM, Hooser SB, Lovell RA, Valentine WM
Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. 1989 5 (2): 345-61

PMID: 2503241

Blue-green algae toxins include (1) hepatotoxic peptides that are known to be toxic to cattle, dogs, swine, waterfowl, and sometimes other species; (2) a nicotinic agonist neurotoxin that appears to be toxic to a wide range of animal species; (3) a peripheral-acting cholinesterase inhibitor that is very toxic to swine, birds, and dogs; (4) toxins that impair nervous transmission by blocking sodium channels in nerve cells; and (5) lipopolysaccharide endotoxins. This article provides current information on the mechanisms of action of the primary toxins recognized to date as well as on procedures important in the diagnosis and management of some of the more common cyanobacterial toxicoses in livestock and waterfowl.

MeSH Terms (6)

Animals Animals, Domestic Bird Diseases Birds Cyanobacteria Toxins, Biological

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