Tetrahydronaphthyridine and dihydronaphthyridinone ethers as positive allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu₅).

Turlington M, Malosh C, Jacobs J, Manka JT, Noetzel MJ, Vinson PN, Jadhav S, Herman EJ, Lavreysen H, Mackie C, Bartolomé-Nebreda JM, Conde-Ceide S, Martín-Martín ML, Tong HM, López S, MacDonald GJ, Steckler T, Daniels JS, Weaver CD, Niswender CM, Jones CK, Conn PJ, Lindsley CW, Stauffer SR
J Med Chem. 2014 57 (13): 5620-37

PMID: 24914612 · PMCID: PMC4096224 · DOI:10.1021/jm500259z

Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) represent a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of schizophrenia. Starting from an acetylene-based lead from high throughput screening, an evolved bicyclic dihydronaphthyridinone was identified. We describe further refinements leading to both dihydronaphthyridinone and tetrahydronaphthyridine mGlu5 PAMs containing an alkoxy-based linkage as an acetylene replacement. Exploration of several structural features including western pyridine ring isomers, positional amides, linker connectivity/position, and combinations thereof, reveal that these bicyclic modulators generally exhibit steep SAR and within specific subseries display a propensity for pharmacological mode switching at mGlu5 as well as antagonist activity at mGlu3. Structure-activity relationships within a dihydronaphthyridinone subseries uncovered 12c (VU0405372), a selective mGlu5 PAM with good in vitro potency, low glutamate fold-shift, acceptable DMPK properties, and in vivo efficacy in an amphetamine-based model of psychosis.

MeSH Terms (11)

Allosteric Regulation Animals Antipsychotic Agents HEK293 Cells Humans Microsomes, Liver Naphthyridines Rats Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5 Schizophrenia Structure-Activity Relationship

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