Preoperative Opioid Use as a Predictor of Adverse Postoperative Self-Reported Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Spine Surgery.

Lee D, Armaghani S, Archer KR, Bible J, Shau D, Kay H, Zhang C, McGirt MJ, Devin C
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2014 96 (11): e89

PMID: 24897746 · DOI:10.2106/JBJS.M.00865

MeSH Terms (15)

Analgesics, Opioid Disability Evaluation Female Humans Intraoperative Care Male Middle Aged Pain, Postoperative Pain Management Pain Measurement Prospective Studies Self Report Spinal Diseases Surveys and Questionnaires Treatment Outcome

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