Concordance between RT-PCR-based detection of respiratory viruses from nasal swabs collected for viral testing and nasopharyngeal swabs collected for bacterial testing.

Grijalva CG, Griffin MR, Edwards KM, Johnson M, Gil AI, Ver√°stegui H, Lanata CF, Williams JV
J Clin Virol. 2014 60 (3): 309-12

PMID: 24875136 · PMCID: PMC4055503 · DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2014.04.011

BACKGROUND - Epidemiologic studies of respiratory infections frequently rely on separate sample collections for the detection of bacteria and viruses. The requirement for two specimens presents cost, logistical, and acceptability challenges.

OBJECTIVES - To determine the agreement in detection of respiratory viruses using RT-PCR between two different types of samples collected on the same day: nasal swabs preserved in viral transport medium (NS) and nasopharyngeal swabs preserved in skim milk-tryptone-glucose-glycerol [STGG] medium (NP), the current standard for pneumococcal colonization studies.

STUDY DESIGN - Paired NS and NP samples were collected between May 2009 and September 2011 as part of the RESPIRA-PERU study, a large prospective cohort of Andean children <3 years of age. NS samples used polyester swabs and viral transport medium whereas NP samples used rayon wire-handled swabs and STGG medium. Samples were tested for influenza, human metapneumovirus (MPV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human rhinovirus (HRV), parainfluenza virus 3 (PIV3) and adenovirus (ADV) using real-time RT-PCR. We calculated the agreement, and compared cycle thresholds (CT) between NP and NS samples.

RESULTS - Among 226 paired NP-NS samples, we observed very high agreement with a Kappa statistic ranging from 0.71 for ADV to 0.97 for MPV. CT values were similar for both strategies.

CONCLUSIONS - NP samples preserved in STGG provide a simple and reliable strategy for identification of both pneumococcus and respiratory viruses. This single specimen collection strategy could be used for epidemiologic studies, especially in resource-limited settings. Furthermore, archived NP-STGG specimens from previous studies could be reliably tested by RT-PCR for viruses.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (8)

Bacteria Humans Nasopharynx Reproducibility of Results Respiratory Tract Infections Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction Sensitivity and Specificity Viruses

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links