A novel class of succinimide-derived negative allosteric modulators of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 provides insight into a disconnect in activity between the rat and human receptors.

Cho HP, Engers DW, Venable DF, Niswender CM, Lindsley CW, Conn PJ, Emmitte KA, Rodriguez AL
ACS Chem Neurosci. 2014 5 (7): 597-610

PMID: 24798819 · PMCID: PMC4102972 · DOI:10.1021/cn5000343

Recent progress in the discovery of mGlu₁ allosteric modulators has suggested the modulation of mGlu₁ could offer possible treatment for a number of central nervous system disorders; however, the available chemotypes are inadequate to fully investigate the therapeutic potential of mGlu₁ modulation. To address this issue, we used a fluorescence-based high-throughput screening assay to screen an allosteric modulator-biased library of compounds to generate structurally diverse mGlu₁ negative allosteric modulator hits for chemical optimization. Herein, we describe the discovery and characterization of a novel mGlu₁ chemotype. This series of succinimide negative allosteric modulators, exemplified by VU0410425, exhibited potent inhibitory activity at rat mGlu₁ but was, surprisingly, inactive at human mGlu₁. VU0410425 and a set of chemically diverse mGlu₁ negative allosteric modulators previously reported in the literature were utilized to examine this species disconnect between rat and human mGlu₁ activity. Mutation of the key transmembrane domain residue 757 and functional screening of VU0410425 and the literature compounds suggests that amino acid 757 plays a role in the activity of these compounds, but the contribution of the residue is scaffold specific, ranging from critical to minor. The operational model of allosterism was used to estimate the binding affinities of each compound to compare to functional data. This novel series of mGlu₁ negative allosteric modulators provides valuable insight into the pharmacology underlying the disconnect between rat and human mGlu₁ activity, an issue that must be understood to progress the therapeutic potential of allosteric modulators of mGlu₁.

MeSH Terms (18)

Amino Acid Sequence Animals Calcium Cell Line CHO Cells Cricetulus Drug Evaluation, Preclinical Excitatory Amino Acid Agents Fluorescence HEK293 Cells High-Throughput Screening Assays Humans Mutation Rats Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate Species Specificity Succinimides Transfection

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