Development of a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Jaser SS, Patel N, Linsky R, Whittemore R
J Pediatr Health Care. 2014 28 (6): 478-85

PMID: 24786582 · PMCID: PMC4273905 · DOI:10.1016/j.pedhc.2014.02.008

INTRODUCTION - Novel interventions are needed to improve adherence to treatment in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. In this article, we describe the development, feasibility, and acceptability of a positive psychology intervention for this population.

METHOD - Adolescents and their parents (n = 39) were randomly assigned to either a positive psychology intervention or an attention control group. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected on feasibility and acceptability. Descriptive and content analysis methods were used.

RESULTS - Recruitment was successful, participation and satisfaction were high in both groups, and retention was excellent over 6 months. In the positive psychology group, adolescents and their parents noted benefits related to increased positive communication and thinking more about diabetes care. We also identified challenges to implementation.

DISCUSSION - Although more research is indicated, a positive psychology framework emphasizing positive emotions and strengths, rather than problems, may be beneficial to adolescents living with a complex chronic illness.

Copyright © 2014 National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (20)

Adolescent Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 Feasibility Studies Female Follow-Up Studies Humans Hypoglycemic Agents Male Medication Adherence Motivation Parents Patient Acceptance of Health Care Patient Satisfaction Pilot Projects Program Development Psychotherapy Self Care Surveys and Questionnaires Treatment Outcome

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links