PURPOSE - To identify retrospectively hypercoagulable events that occurred over time in patients who underwent image-guided percutaneous renal cryoablation and compare the incidence with a cohort of patients who underwent surgical partial nephrectomy (PN) during the same time period.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - An electronic medical record database was queried for patients who underwent percutaneous image-guided renal mass cryoablation or PN between September 2006 and June 2012. Records were examined for thrombotic events during the year following the procedure in each group. Incidence rates, Kaplan-Meier estimates, and patient demographic variables were compared using the stratified log-rank test and t test for independent samples.
RESULTS - The study comprised 114 cryoablation cases. The cumulative incidence of thrombotic events after 1 year was 4.39%. The incidence per 100 person-years was 4.84. There were 105 PN cases. The cumulative incidence of thrombotic events after 1 year was 1.0%. The incidence per 100 person-years was 1.14. The person-time incidence rate difference for these two groups did not reach statistical significance (P = .0894).
CONCLUSIONS - The incidence of thrombotic events in patients who underwent percutaneous renal cryoablation in this study was not significantly different than a comparable cohort who underwent surgical PN during the same time period.
Copyright © 2014 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.